Association between Dietary Fiber Intake and Colorectal Adenoma

Nutr Cancer. 2022;74(10):3446-3456. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2022.2083189. Epub 2022 Jun 6.


Dietary fiber intake has been suggested to decrease the risks of colorectal cancer (CRC) and adenoma. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between total dietary fiber intake and colorectal adenoma among asymptomatic Korean adults. Individuals who received a screening colonoscopy between May and December of 2011 were recruited. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to assess the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of colorectal adenoma. 558 of the 1,716 study participants were diagnosed with colorectal adenoma. No significant association between total dietary fiber intake and colorectal adenoma was found; ORs (95% CIs) for subsequent quintiles compared to the bottom quintile were 1.00 (0.69-1.46), 1.11 (0.73-1.71), 0.97 (0.57-1.65), and 0.88 (0.46-1.71; P for trend = 0.65). Dietary fiber intakes from cereal, fruit, vegetable, or legume weren't associated with colorectal adenoma. When we compared >30 g/d to ≤10 g/d of total dietary fiber intake, OR (95% CI) was 0.32 (0.10-1.02; P for trend = 0.23). In the analyses of advanced or high-risk state and location of adenoma, we didn't observe significant associations. In conclusion, dietary fiber intake was not associated with colorectal adenoma in Korean adults. However, the association for low intake of dietary fiber warrants further investigation.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma* / diagnosis
  • Adenoma* / epidemiology
  • Adenoma* / prevention & control
  • Adult
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / epidemiology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms* / prevention & control
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Vegetables


  • Dietary Fiber