3D Quantitative Prediction of the Groundwater Potential Area-A Case Study of a Simple Geological Structure Aquifer

ACS Omega. 2022 May 17;7(21):18004-18016. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c01387. eCollection 2022 May 31.


The Ordos Basin is a sedimentary basin located in Inner Mongolia, China, where coal and uranium coexist. Water inrush disasters have always been one of the main disasters that threaten the safety of coal mine production, and thus, the study and division of groundwater potential regions are of great significance for the prevention of water inrush disasters and in situ leaching of sandstone-type uranium ore. A new method combining truncated Gaussian simulation and sedimentary facies control was established to predict the groundwater potential area. Taking a typical aquifer, the Zhiluo Formation, as an example, based on high-resolution sequence stratigraphy, geophysics, sedimentary geology, and geostatistical theory, the plane distribution of sand bodies was predicted. Furthermore, the relationship between rock porosity and electricity porosity was established to calculate the regional porosity. Combined with truncated Gaussian simulation and facies-controlled modeling methods, a facies-controlled heterogeneous property model was established to analyze the heterogeneous effective porosity of the aquifer in the study area. Groundwater potential areas were quantitatively evaluated by 3D modeling analysis. The results of the evaluated model were verified by actual data and provide a geological guarantee for the accurate mining of deep coal and uranium ore. A 3D distributed model of chemical elements, which is meaningful for in situ leaching uranium mining, is expected in future research.