Total contact casting and chronic diabetic neuropathic foot ulcerations: healing rates by wound location

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1987 Apr;68(4):217-21.


This study investigated healing rates of chronic diabetic neuropathic foot ulcerations located on the plantar surface of the forefoot (n = 30) versus those located on other parts of the foot (n = 25). Each type of ulceration was treated with total contact casting. Ulcerations in the first group were located on the metatarsal heads and toes, while ulcerations in the second group were located on the dorsum of the foot, heel, plantar arch, ankle, medial aspect of foot, and toe or transmetatarsal amputation sites. Successfully healed diabetic neuropathic foot ulcerations treated with total contact casting were rated according to patient age, ethnic origin, sex, patient weight, ulcer size, ulcer location, duration of ulcer prior to casting, and ulcer grade. Analysis of variance and posthoc analyses demonstrated that (1) total contact casting was a highly effective method of treatment regardless of ulcer location (forefoot ulcer healing time mean = 30.6 days; nonforefoot ulcer healing time mean = 42.1 days) and (2) forefoot ulcerations healed significantly faster than ulcerations located on other parts of the foot. Complex correlational relationships were explored in this study, and multiple regression equations were developed for each location grouping.

MeSH terms

  • Casts, Surgical*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / complications
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / surgery*
  • Female
  • Foot Diseases / etiology
  • Foot Diseases / pathology
  • Foot Diseases / physiopathology
  • Foot Diseases / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Regression Analysis
  • Skin Ulcer / etiology
  • Skin Ulcer / pathology
  • Skin Ulcer / physiopathology
  • Skin Ulcer / surgery*
  • Wound Healing*