Neoscytalidium novaehollandiae causes dieback on Pinus eldarica and its potential for infection of urban forest trees

Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 4;12(1):9337. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-13414-8.

Abstract

Neoscytalidium novaehollandiae is one of the most important pathogens on woody plants which has increasingly been reported as a pathogen in different hosts in recent years. The pine trees are widely cultured in many cities of Iran. In recent years, dieback symptoms were observed on Pinus eldarica trees in Tehran and Qazvin provinces. The aim of this study was to investigate the dieback causal agent on P. eldarica trees in Iran. The branches and cones of P. eldarica trees were sampled for fungal isolation. The morphological and molecular characterizations (ITS, LSU, and TEF1-α regions) identified N. novaehollandiae as a dieback causal agent. This is the first report of N. novaehollandiae disease of P. eldarica trees in Iran. Furthermore, disease severity was assayed on 19 urban forest trees under three different temperature and relative humidity (RHs) regimes. C regime (29 °C and 15% RH) displayed more disease severity on detached branches than B (24 °C and 80% RH) and A (19 °C and 35% RH) ones. This study presents the host range of this pathogen, and showed that these potential hosts are prone to this pathogen under high temperature and low humidity which urban forest trees experienced in recent decades.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ascomycota
  • Forests
  • Iran
  • Pinus*
  • Trees*

Supplementary concepts

  • Neoscytalidium novaehollandiae