Laparoscopic Gastrostomy in Infants During an Open Abdominal Procedure: A Novel Approach

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2022 Sep;32(9):1005-1009. doi: 10.1089/lap.2022.0117. Epub 2022 Jun 6.


Introduction: Infants with intra-abdominal pathology necessitating open abdominal surgery may also require placement of a gastrostomy tube (GT). Use of laparoscopy provides better visualization for gastrostomy placement and lowers the risk of complications compared with an open approach. We describe a series of patients who underwent laparoscopic GT placement at the time of an open abdominal procedure. Methods: All patients who underwent an open abdominal procedure with concurrent laparoscopic gastrostomy from January 2010 to June 2020 were reviewed. Descriptive statistics were performed with categorical variables reported as proportions and continuous variables reported as medians with interquartile range [IQR]. Results: Twelve patients were included; 8 (67.5%) were male. The median age at time of surgery was 10 weeks [IQR 6, 14], with a median weight of 4.1 kg [IQR 3.4, 4.8]. Ten patients had the laparoscope placed through the open incision, whereas 2 had the laparoscope placed through a separate incision. Median operative time was 106 minutes [IQR 80, 125]. There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative complications included surgical site infection in 5 (41.7%), leaking around the GT in 3 (25%), and malfunction of the tube in 1 (8.3%). One patient required reoperation 28 days postoperatively due to malfunction. Conclusion: Laparoscopic GT can be safely performed at the time of an open abdominal procedure, and frequently through the same incision, harnessing the benefits of a laparoscopic approach even when an open incision is needed.

Keywords: PEG; gastrostomy; laparoscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen / surgery
  • Female
  • Gastrostomy* / methods
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Male
  • Operative Time
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies