Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an intervention for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Although COVID-19-related ARDS has some distinct features, its overall clinical presentation resembles ARDS from other etiologies. Thus, similar evidence-based practices for its management should be applied. These include lung-protective ventilation, prone positioning, and adjuvant strategies, such as ECMO, when appropriate. Current evidence suggests that ECMO in COVID-19-related ARDS has similar efficacy and safety profile as for non-COVID-19 ARDS. The high number of severe COVID-19 cases and demand for therapies, such as ECMO, poses a unique opportunity to increase the understanding on how to optimize this intervention.
Keywords: ARDS; COVID-19; ECMO; Prone positioning.
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