SRI-EEG: State-Based Recurrent Imputation for EEG Artifact Correction

Front Comput Neurosci. 2022 May 20;16:803384. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2022.803384. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are often used as an input modality for Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs). While EEG signals can be beneficial for numerous types of interaction scenarios in the real world, high levels of noise limits their usage to strictly noise-controlled environments such as a research laboratory. Even in a controlled environment, EEG is susceptible to noise, particularly from user motion, making it highly challenging to use EEG, and consequently BCI, as a ubiquitous user interaction modality. In this work, we address the EEG noise/artifact correction problem. Our goal is to detect physiological artifacts in EEG signal and automatically replace the detected artifacts with imputed values to enable robust EEG sensing overall requiring significantly reduced manual effort than is usual. We present a novel EEG state-based imputation model built upon a recurrent neural network, which we call SRI-EEG, and evaluate the proposed method on three publicly available EEG datasets. From quantitative and qualitative comparisons with six conventional and neural network based approaches, we demonstrate that our method achieves comparable performance to the state-of-the-art methods on the EEG artifact correction task.

Keywords: EEG artifact correction; brain computer interface; recurrent neural networks; robust EEG sensing; time series imputation.