The structures of oligosaccharides of normal and pathological immunoglobulin G (IgG) are reported. Asparagine-linked neutral oligosaccharides were released by N-oligosaccharide glycopeptidase (almond) digestion. The reducing ends of the oligosaccharide chains thus obtained were aminated with a fluorescent reagent, 2-aminopyridine, and the mixture of pyridylamino derivatives of the oligosaccharides was separated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. It was possible to separate 15 out of the 16 kinds of oligosaccharides that have been suggested to exist in normal human IgG. High-resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used along with chemical methods to determine the structures of the separated oligosaccharides. It has been shown that in normal IgG a biantennary complex-type oligosaccharide with a fucose residue (formula; see text) is predominant and four kinds of oligosaccharides, which are biantennary with bisecting N-acetylglucosamine and without fucose residues, exist only in a very small quantity. The results obtained for normal IgG were compared with those obtained for three myeloma IgG proteins. It has been found that the most abundant species that exist in the pathological proteins analyzed in the present work lack one or two galactose residues at the nonreducing terminal. We show that the fractions of fucose-containing oligosaccharides are markedly decreased in the heavy-chain disease protein Per. It is of particular interest that in this paraprotein the major component is a biantennary complex-type oligosaccharide that lacks a fucose residue and an oligosaccharide with the structure (Formula: see text) exists as one of the most abundant components.