Therapeutic effects of myricetin on atopic dermatitis in vivo and in vitro

Phytomedicine. 2022 Jul 20:102:154200. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2022.154200. Epub 2022 May 23.


Background: Myricetin (Myr) is a flavonoid compound that exist widely in many natural plants. Myr has been proven to have multiple biological functions, including immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects.

Purpose: In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effect of Myr on calcipotriol (MC903) induced atopic dermatitis (AD) mouse model and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α/interferon (IFN)-γ stimulated human immortal keratinocyte line (HaCaT) in vivo and in vitro.

Methods: MC903 was applied topically to the left ears of mice to establish AD mouse model. After the AD model established successfully, the cream base, dexamethasone (DEX) cream or Myr cream were applied on the lesions of mice for 8 days. Through measuring ear thickness and scoring dermatitis severity, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of Myr, the draining lymph nodes (DLNs) and ears of the mice were collected for mechanistic study. In addition, TNF-α and IFN-γ-activated HaCaT cells were used to investigate the underlying mechanism.

Results: Our data demonstrated that Myr alleviated the symptoms of AD by exerting anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic functions in vivo. We found that Myr treatment suppressed ear swelling and IgE level in the serum, reduced the infiltration of mast cells in skin lesions, decreased expressions of thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC), IL-4, IFN-γ and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) in ear lesions, increased the expressions of filaggrin (FLG). Furthermore, our experimental results demonstrated that Myr down-regulated the mRNA expressions of T-bet and GATA-3 in DLNs. In vitro, Myr treatment decreased MDC and TARC expressions in IFN-γ and TNF-α-induced HaCaT cells by blocking the NF-κB and STAT1 signal pathway.

Conclusion: The present study is the first to investigate the anti-atopic effects of Myr. Our findings suggested the therapeutic effects of Myr against MC903-induced AD-like skin lesions in mice. Therefore, Myr may be a potential therapeutic agent for AD.

Keywords: Anti-inflammation; Atopic dermatitis; Immune balance; Myricetin.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / chemically induced
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Flavonoids / therapeutic use
  • Keratinocytes
  • Mice
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • Flavonoids
  • NF-kappa B
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • myricetin