To identify factors that could influence the treatment outcomes of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Li-ESWT) on chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)-like symptoms and establish a predictive model based on these factors to precisely screen individuals who might be more suitable for Li-ESWT. This study enrolled 84 patients with CP/CPPS-like symptoms who received Li-ESWT. Patients were divided into an effective group and an ineffective group based on the reduction of their National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI). A nomogram was established based on logistic regression analyses. Then, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to evaluate the nomogram. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that a higher NIH-CPSI score, a habit of holding urine, alcohol consumption, and urination soon after intercourse were independent predictors of Li-ESWT efficacy (p < 0.05). The nomogram constructed based on these four indicators and the added age effectively predicted the probability of Li-ESWT effectiveness for CP/CPPS-like symptoms (0.809 [95% CI: 0.717-0.901]; Hosmer-Lemeshow: p = 0.936). This study established a predictive model for the efficacy of Li-ESWT in treating CP/CPPS-like symptoms patients and help improve the management of CP/CPPS-like symptoms.
Keywords: chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome; low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy; predictive model.
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