How do fertility intentions lead to contraceptive continuation among a cohort of family planning users who received services from the private sector in Nigeria

Gates Open Res. 2022 May 6:5:103. doi: 10.12688/gatesopenres.13253.2. eCollection 2021.


Background: The Federal Ministry of Health of Nigeria is exploring task sharing family planning (FP) services to Community Pharmacists (CPs) and Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors (PPMVs). Yet few studies have explored contraceptive continuation of clients who received FP services from pharmacies and drug shops. This paper uses longitudinal data and looks at women's contraceptive continuation approximately nine months after they received FP services from CPs and PPMVs in Kaduna and Lagos states. Methods: Longitudinal data for this analysis come from an evaluation of the IntegratE project. 491 women were interviewed within 10 days after receiving a FP service from an IntegratE CP or PPMV and approximately nine months later. The dependent variable is contraceptive continuation at the follow-up interview and the independent variable is fertility intentions as reported at enrollment. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess the association between fertility intentions and contraceptive continuation. Results: 89% of women continued using contraception approximately 9 months after the enrollment interview. Women who intended to have a child in more than two years were significantly more likely to continue using contraception compared to women who intended to have a child within two-years (AOR 2.6; 95% CI 1.1-6.1). Among women who were asked about the quality of care received, 93% said the CP/PPMV asked whether they wanted to have a/another child in the future and 85% said they were asked when they would like to have that child. Conclusion: The fertility intentions of women who seek FP services from CPs and PPMVs in Nigeria can predict contraceptive continuation. As Nigeria task shares FP services to CPs and PPMVs, training on comprehensive FP counseling will be essential for scale-up. Since many women continued using FP, CPs and PPMVs have the potential to expand access to, and support women's continued use of, FP.

Keywords: Family planning; Nigeria; drug shops; fertility intentions; pharmacies; private sector; task sharing.

Grants and funding

The author(s) declared that no grants were involved in supporting this work.