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, 47 (9), 2275-83

Structure-activity Studies of the Hepatocarcinogenicities of Alkenylbenzene Derivatives Related to Estragole and Safrole on Administration to Preweanling Male C57BL/6J X C3H/HeJ F1 Mice

  • PMID: 3567921

Structure-activity Studies of the Hepatocarcinogenicities of Alkenylbenzene Derivatives Related to Estragole and Safrole on Administration to Preweanling Male C57BL/6J X C3H/HeJ F1 Mice

R W Wiseman et al. Cancer Res.

Abstract

Further information on the structure-activity relationships among the synthetic and naturally occurring alkenylbenzene derivatives was obtained by examining their hepatocarcinogenicities for mice following administration of one or a few doses prior to weaning. Under these conditions preweanling male C3H/HeJ mice were more susceptible than male C57BL/6J mice or females of either strain to liver tumor induction by 1'-hydroxyestragole (1'-hydroxy-1-allyl-4-methoxybenzene) and 1'-hydroxysafrole (1'-hydroxy-1-allyl-3,4-methylenedioxybenzene). Male C57BL/6J X C3H/HeJ F1 mice given a single dose of 1'-hydroxyestragole at 12 days of age developed approximately twice as many hepatomas per liver as did those given the same dose per g of body weight at 1 day of age. The acetylenic compounds 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydroestragole and 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydrosafrole were the most potent derivatives studied; they were 5- and 10-fold more potent (based on the average numbers of hepatomas per liver) than the corresponding allylic benzene derivatives. 1'-Acetoxyestragole and 1'-acetoxysafrole had activities similar to those of their respective 1'-hydroxy derivatives; estragole derivatives were consistently 2- to 3-fold more potent than the related safrole derivatives. 1'-Hydroxyelemicin (1'-hydroxy-1-allyl-3,4,5-trimethoxybenzene), its acetic acid ester 1'-oxoestragole, and 3'-bromo-trans-anethole (3'-bromo-1-trans-propenyl-4-methoxybenzene) each had very weak, but statistically significant, hepatocarcinogenic activity. The propenylic derivatives cis-anethole, trans-isosafrole, 1:1 cis,trans-isosafrole, 3'-hydroxy-trans-anethole, piperine, and trans-cinnamaldehyde showed no hepatocarcinogenic activity at the levels examined. In contrast, the propenylic derivatives cis- and trans-asarone (1-propenyl-2,4,5-trimethoxybenzene) were each active; the hepatocarcinogenicities of the asarones were not inhibited by prior administration of pentachlorophenol, a sulfotransferase inhibitor that abolished the hepatocarcinogenicity of estragole under the same conditions. Furthermore, precocene II (6,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyran), a cyclic propenylic plant metabolite and asarone analogue, showed strong hepatocarcinogenic activity similar to that of 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydroestragole and 1'-hydroxy-2',3'-dehydrosafrole; precocene I (the 7-methoxy analogue of precocene II) was less active than precocene II but more active than cis-asarone.

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