Blocking Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Subtype 7 via the Venus Flytrap Domain Promotes a Chronic Stress-Resilient Phenotype in Mice

Cells. 2022 Jun 2;11(11):1817. doi: 10.3390/cells11111817.

Abstract

Chronic psychosocial stress participates prominently in the etiology of various psychiatric conditions and comorbid somatic pathologies; however, suitable pharmacotherapy of these disorders is still of high medical need. During the last few decades, research on mGlu receptors advanced remarkably and much attention was given to the mGlu7 subtype. Here, genetic mGlu7 ablation, short-term pharmacological mGlu7 blockade, as well as siRNA-mediated knockdown of mGlu7 were shown to result in an acute anti-stress, antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like phenotype in mice. Moreover, we recently revealed a prominent stress-protective effect of genetic mGlu7 ablation also with respect to chronic psychosocial stress. In addition, we are able to demonstrate in the present study that the chronic pharmacological blockade of mGlu7 interferes with various chronic stress-induced alterations. For this, we used the chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC), a mouse model of chronic male subordination, in combination with chronic treatment with the mGlu7-selective orthosteric-like antagonist XAP044 (7-hydroxy-3-(4-iodophenoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one). Interestingly, XAP044 dose-dependently ameliorates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunctions, thymus atrophy, as well as the CSC-induced increase in innate anxiety. Taken together, our findings provide further evidence for the role of mGlu7 in chronic psychosocial stress-induced alterations and suggests the pharmacological blockade of mGlu7 as a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of chronic stress-related pathologies in men.

Keywords: XAP044; chronic psychosocial stress; chronic subordinate colony housing; mGlu7.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Droseraceae* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Phenotype
  • Pituitary-Adrenal System / metabolism
  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate* / metabolism

Substances

  • Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate

Grants and funding

This research was partly funded by Grant FL 729/2-1 from the German Research Foundation (DFG).