Postgraduate Training in Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology: Trainees' Perspectives

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2023 Feb;36(1):18-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2022.06.001. Epub 2022 Jun 9.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate resident trainees' perspectives on the pediatric and adolescent gynecology (PAG) training in obstetrics and gynecology training programs in Europe.

Study design: This study was a cross-sectional survey using an online questionnaire, on the basis of the PAG training in obstetrics and gynecology section of the European Board & College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Project of Achieving Consensus in Training curriculum. We aimed to survey the national programs in 35 European Network of Trainees in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (ENTOG) member countries. Taking part in the survey was voluntary. The questionnaire was shared on the ENTOG online platforms.

Results: Ninety obstetrics and gynecology trainees in 33 of 35 countries responded to our questionnaire. Of the 35 ENTOG member countries, 33 participated in the survey, and a total of 90 responses were collected, giving a response rate of 9% of all European trainees and representing 94% of the member countries. Only 27% of trainees reported having a PAG rotation during their training program, and a PAG elective was only available to 34% of the trainees. Forty-one percent reported that PAG training was not included in their curriculum (no official rotations or lectures planned). Despite the lack of formal training, 72% of trainees felt able to diagnose and manage prepubertal vaginal bleeding and adnexal masses in children and adolescents by the end of their training. Most (58%) also confirmed that they could determine indications for treatment of vulval, vaginal, perineal, and rectal conditions. However, despite scoring positively for the management and counseling of subjects that often overlap with adult patients, such as "contraception in adolescents with health problems," "acute abdominal pain," "menstrual abnormalities," and "vaginal discharge," the study revealed poorer scores when the trainees were asked about more specific PAG topics such as "premature puberty" and "developmental disorders of the genital tract."

Conclusion: Most core training programs across Europe do not include formal PAG training, and trainees reported a need to improve the provision of core PAG training in Europe.

Keywords: ENTOG; Education; Gynecology; Obstetrics; PAG; Trainees.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Curriculum
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Gynecology* / education
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Obstetrics* / education
  • Pregnancy