The enhancing effects of heparin on the biological activity of FGF-2 in heparin-FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layers

Acta Biomater. 2022 Aug;148:345-354. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2022.06.013. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Abstract

Orthopedic and dental implants coated with fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2)-calcium phosphate composite layers promote dermis formation, bone formation, and angiogenesis because of the biological activity of FGF-2. Enhancing the biological activity of FGF-2 in the composite layers is important for its wider application in orthopedics and dentistry. This study incorporated low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) into the FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layers and clarified the enhancing effects of LMWH on the biological activity of FGF-2 in the composite layers in vitro. LMWH-FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layers were successfully formed on zirconia in supersaturated calcium phosphate solutions. The composite layers comprised continuous and macroscopically homogeneous layers and particles smaller than 500 nm in size composed of amorphous calcium phosphate. The amounts of Ca and P deposited on zirconia remained almost unchanged with the addition of LMWH under the presence of FGF-2 in the supersaturated calcium phosphate solution. The LMWH in the supersaturated calcium phosphate solution increased the stability of FGF-2 in the solution and the amount of FGF-2 in the composite layers. The LMWH in the composite layers increased the mitogenic and endothelial tube-forming activities of FGF-2, and FGF-2 activity of inducing osteogenic differentiation gene expression pattern in the composite layers. Our results indicate that the enhanced biological activity of FGF-2 in the LMWH-FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layers is attributed to an LMWH-mediated increase in the amount of FGF-2, which maintains its biological activity in the supersaturated calcium phosphate solution and the composite layers. The LMWH-FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layer is a promising coating for orthopedic and dental implants. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Orthopedic and dental implants coated with fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2)-calcium phosphate composite layers promote dermis formation, bone formation, and angiogenesis because of the biological activity of FGF-2. Enhancing the biological activity of FGF-2 in the layers is important for wider its application in orthopedics and dentistry. This study demonstrates the enhancing effects of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) contained within LMWH-FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layers on the biological activity of FGF-2 in vitro. Our results indicate that the enhanced biological activity of FGF-2 within the composite layers arises from an LMWH-mediated increase in the amount of FGF-2, which maintains its biological activity in the LMWH-FGF-2-calcium phosphate composite layers and supersaturated calcium phosphate solutions used for coating the composite layers.

Keywords: Biological activity; Calcium phosphate coating; Fibroblast growth factor-2; Low-molecular-weight heparin; Orthopedic and dental implants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Calcium Phosphates / pharmacology
  • Dental Implants*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2* / pharmacology
  • Heparin / pharmacology
  • Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight
  • Osteogenesis
  • Phosphates

Substances

  • Calcium Phosphates
  • Dental Implants
  • Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight
  • Phosphates
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
  • Heparin