A 4-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital because of precocious puberty. Radiologic findings revealed a fist-sized solid tumor in the left ovary without ascites, peritoneal dissemination, and distant metastasis. The patient underwent left salpingo-oophorectomy without spillage. The size of the excised tumor was 10.0×9.0×4.8 cm. On pathologic examination, the tumor was diagnosed as an ovarian steroid cell tumor, not otherwise specified. In the present case, although the diameter of the tumor (>7 cm) and three mitoses per 10 high-power fields represented some potential for malignancy, we opted for careful observation without chemotherapy as the tumor was of clinical stage Ia.
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