Purpose: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) effectively supports refractory cardiogenic shock (rCS), and sustains macro- and microcirculations. We investigated the respective impact of increasing VA ECMO flow or dobutamine dose on microcirculation in stabilized VA ECMO-treated patients with rCS.
Methods: In this prospective interventional study, we included consecutive intubated patients, with ECMO-supported rCS and hemodynamic stability, able to tolerate stepwise incremental dobutamine doses (from 5 to 20 gamma/kg/min) or ECMO flows (progressive increase by 25% above baseline ECMO flow. Baseline was defined as the lowest VA ECMO flow and dobutamine 5 μg/kg/min (DOBU5) to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP) ≥ 65 mmHg. Macro- and microcirculations were evaluated after 30 min at each level.
Results: Fourteen patients were included. Macro- and microcirculations were assessed 2 [2-5] days post-ECMO onset. Dobutamine-dose increments did not modify any microcirculation parameters. Only the De Backer score tended to be reduced (p = 0.08) by ECMO-flow increments whereas other microcirculation parameters were not affected. These findings did not differ between patients successfully weaned-off ECMO (n = 6) or not.
Conclusions: When macrocirculation has already been restored in patients with ECMO-supported rCS, increasing dobutamine (above 5 μg/kg/min) or ECMO flow did not further improve microcirculation.
Keywords: Cardiogenic shock; Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; Microcirculation; Outcomes.
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