Traditional uses, pharmacological activities, and phytochemical constituents of the genus Syzygium: A review

Food Sci Nutr. 2022 Mar 4;10(6):1789-1819. doi: 10.1002/fsn3.2797. eCollection 2022 Jun.


The genus Syzygium comprises 1200-1800 species that belong to the family of Myrtaceae. Moreover, plants that are belonged to this genus are being used in the traditional system of medicine in Asian countries, especially in China, India, and Bangladesh. The aim of this review is to describe the scientific works and to provide organized information on the available traditional uses, phytochemical constituents, and pharmacological activities of mostly available species of the genus Syzygium in Bangladesh. The information related to genus Syzygium was analytically composed from the scientific databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Web of Science, Wiley Online Library, Springer, Research Gate link, published books, and conference proceedings. Bioactive compounds such as flavanone derivatives, ellagic acid derivatives and other polyphenolics, and terpenoids are reported from several species of the genus Syzygium. However, many members of the species of the genus Syzygium need further comprehensive studies regarding phytochemical constituents and mechanism-based pharmacological activities.

Keywords: Myrtaceae; Syzygium; pharmacological activities; phytochemical constituents; traditional use.

Publication types

  • Review