Transoral Feminizing Chondrolaryngoplasty: Development and Deployment of a Novel Approach in 77 Patients

Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med. 2022 Jun 14. doi: 10.1089/fpsam.2022.0016. Online ahead of print.


Importance: Transgender patients who desire a gender-congruent neck contour may forego transcutaneous procedures due to the risk of neck scar stigmata related to such procedures. Objective: To describe the development and experience with the first 77 cases of a novel gasless transvestibular technique for gender-affirming surgery of the laryngeal prominence. Design, Setting, Participants: Video and narrative description of a novel surgical technique, and case series describing the consecutive first 77 patients to undergo transoral chondrolaryngoplasty (TCLP) at a quaternary transgender referral center. Results: Between November 2019 and April 2022, 77 patients underwent the novel surgery of TCLP. Median follow-up was 8.74 months (range: 1-30 months). Four patients suffered surgical complications (two laryngotomy, two skin necrosis), and three patients requested revision surgery. Conclusions and Relevance: TCLP is reported in the largest published series to date offering hidden incision for gender-affirming care. With further prospective outcome investigations, TCLP may prove to be a reliable approach of performing chondrolaryngoplasty while avoiding visible neck incisions.