Design, Implementation, and Assessment Approaches Within an Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Elective Course

J Pharm Pract. 2023 Oct;36(5):1284-1293. doi: 10.1177/08971900221108723. Epub 2022 Jun 15.


Introduction: An estimated 38 million people are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide. Pharmacists are well positioned to provide care to patients with HIV, but gaps in HIV education among pharmacists exist. Recognizing the need to educate and prepare future pharmacists, a 2-credit advanced HIV elective course was created for Doctor of Pharmacy students at Washington State University College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences in the United States, and Masters of Clinical Pharmacy students from University of Western Cape School of Pharmacy in South Africa. Methods: Course topics included diagnosis and treatment of HIV in children and adults, management of common comorbidities, pre-exposure prophylaxis, pharmacogenetic applications, and antiretroviral drug-drug interactions. Course effectiveness was evaluated using student examination results. Student perceptions were evaluated using pre- and post-course self-assessments involving abilities, confidence, and attitudes toward caring for people living with HIV. Results: Student pharmacists demonstrated competency in HIV knowledge, demonstrated skills in application to clinical-based scenarios, and reported significantly improved confidence and abilities as well as positive changes in attitudes toward people with HIV. Conclusion: This course contributed to student learning across different student cohorts in an institutional program in the United States including successful execution of distance learning and clinical application for students at a program in South Africa.

Keywords: assessment; distance learning; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); pharmacy curriculum; pharmacy elective courses.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Curriculum
  • Education, Pharmacy* / methods
  • Educational Measurement / methods
  • HIV Infections* / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Pharmacy Service, Hospital*
  • Students, Pharmacy*