Flavonoids a Bioactive Compound from Medicinal Plants and Its Therapeutic Applications

Biomed Res Int. 2022 Jun 6:2022:5445291. doi: 10.1155/2022/5445291. eCollection 2022.


Plants generally secrete secondary metabolites in response to stress. These secondary metabolites are very useful for humankind as they possess a wide range of therapeutic activities. Secondary metabolites produced by plants include alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, and steroids. Flavonoids are one of the classes of secondary metabolites of plants found mainly in edible plant parts such as fruits, vegetables, stems, grains, and bark. They are synthesized by the phenylpropanoid pathway. Flavonoids possess antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, and anticarcinogenic properties. Due to their various therapeutic applications, various pharmaceutical companies have exploited different plants for the production of flavonoids. To overcome this situation, various biotechnological strategies have been incorporated to improve the production of different types of flavonoids. In this review, we have highlighted the various types of flavonoids, their biosynthesis, properties, and different strategies to enhance the production of flavonoids.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alkaloids*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use
  • Flavonoids / metabolism
  • Flavonoids / therapeutic use
  • Plants, Medicinal* / metabolism
  • Terpenes


  • Alkaloids
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Flavonoids
  • Terpenes