Urinary and hematologic indexes of hypohydration

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 Mar;62(3):1271-6. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1987.62.3.1271.


As part of a large-scale field feeding system test we were able to collect and study hundreds of aliquots of overnight urine samples obtained immediately prior to a fasting blood sample on days 1, 20, and 44 of the field test. The large number of experimental samples (greater than 650) and concomitant collection of blood and urine aliquots along with data on body weights gave us the opportunity to assess and quantitate the sensitivity of commonly used criteria of hypohydration. Urine aliquots for all test days were initially categorized by specific gravity (SG) greater than or equal to 1.03 (n = 124) or less than 1.03 (n = 540). Creatinine levels were elevated (P less than 0.001) in the concentrated urine samples, but a decreased trend in sodium-to-potassium ratios in these samples failed to achieve statistical significance (P greater than 0.05). However, when individuals with high SG urine were subclassified by a criterion of weight loss greater than 3% from original body weight, then creatinine concentrations were elevated (P = 0.05), whereas sodium-to-potassium ratios were decreased (P = 0.05) when subjects also with high SG but weight loss less than 3% were compared. Because of the moderate altitude (2,000 m) of the field site and the time of sojourn (44 days), there occurred a slight, but significant (P less than 0.001), erythropoietic response. Hematocrit and serum osmolality were not significantly different when examined by the criteria of high or low SG urine and weight loss greater than or less than 3% original body weight.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques
  • Creatinine / urine
  • Dehydration / blood
  • Dehydration / diagnosis*
  • Dehydration / urine
  • Female
  • Hematocrit
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Potassium / urine
  • Sodium / urine


  • Sodium
  • Creatinine
  • Potassium