Objectives: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematological malignancy with highly clinical heterogeneity resulting in poor outcomes. We aim to identify novel prognostic lncRNA in AML expecting to provide new clues for therapy in AML.
Methods: Three cohorts were enrolled in this study. Differentially expressed lncRNAs between TCGA-AML cohort and GTEx cohort was identified by DESeq2. The relationship between expression level of LOC644135 and prognosis in AML was analyzed by multiple methods.
Results: Pan-cancer analysis indicated that LOC644135 was most highly expressed in AML across 33 types of cancer. Patients with high expression of LOC644135 had poor overall prognosis in both TCGA-AML cohort and the TARGET-AML cohort. Especially, high expression of LOC644135 indicated inferior overall survival and event-free survival in CN-AML patients in the TCGA-AML cohort. Besides, CN-AML patients had higher expression of LOC644135 than normal samples. Multivariable analysis suggested that LOC644135 was an independent prognostic factor in AML. GSEA analysis showed that LOC644135 was associated with some immune-related pathways. Besides, high expression of LOC644135 was associated with less infiltration of CD8+ T cell.
Conclusion: Our findings indicated that LOC644135 was an independent prognostic factor in AML and provided a new idea in the development of therapy in AML.
Keywords: Cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia; LOC644135; long non-coding RNA; mechanism; prognosis.