Motion artifact suppression technique (MAST) for MR imaging

J Comput Assist Tomogr. May-Jun 1987;11(3):369-77. doi: 10.1097/00004728-198705000-00001.


A technique has been developed that significantly improves the image resolution and reduces motion artifacts in conventional two-dimensional Fourier transform and three-dimensional Fourier transform magnetic resonance imaging sequences. Modifications on the gradient waveforms completely refocus the transverse magnetization at the echo time, regardless of the motion occurring between the time of the 90 degrees radiofrequency excitation and the echo time (within-view). This accomplishes suppression of motion artifacts and regains the signal from flowing blood and CSF. Images of the head, abdomen, chest, and spine are reproduced which show the increase in signal and anatomical detail that would otherwise be degraded and lost in artifact noise. This technique has reduced the practical difficulty of obtaining clinically diagnostic T2-weighted abdominal images. It also has allowed diagnostic quality T1- and T2-weighted images to be obtained with one acquisition per view, thus reducing the total scan time.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Brain Stem / anatomy & histology
  • Brain Stem / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Liver / diagnostic imaging
  • Liver / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*
  • Mediastinum / diagnostic imaging
  • Mediastinum / pathology
  • Movement
  • Spine / anatomy & histology
  • Spine / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed