Intestinal dysbacteriosis-propelled T helper 17 cells activation mediate the perioperative neurocognitive disorder induced by anesthesia/surgery in aged rats

Neurosci Lett. 2022 Jul 13;783:136741. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2022.136741. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Abstract

Background: Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) is a common postoperative disease in elderly patients, but its pathogenesis remains unclear.

Methods: Exploratory laparotomy was performed to establish PND model under sevoflurane anesthesia. 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing was used to detect the changes of intestinal flora. Antibiotics were used to relatively eliminate intestinal flora before anesthesia/surgery, and behavior tests, such as open field, Y maze, and fear conditioning tests were applied to detect the changes of memory ability. The number of Th17 cells and Foxp3 cells was detected by flow cytometry in the Peyer's patches (PP), mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), blood and brain. Western blot was used to detect the expression of IL17, IL17RA, IL6 and IL10 in the hippocampus. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of IL17, IL17R and IBA1 (ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule1) in the hippocampus.

Results: Anesthesia/surgery caused intestinal flora imbalance and induced neurocognitive impairment, increased the number of Th17 cells in the PP, MLN, blood and brain, increased the level of IL17, IL17R and inflammatory factors production in the hippocampus. Antibiotics administration before anesthesia/surgery significantly decreased the number of Th17 cells and the level of IL17, IL17R and inflammatory factors production, and improved the memory function. In addition, we found that IL17R was co-labeled with IBA1 in a large amount in the hippocampus through immunofluorescence double-staining.

Conclusion: Our study suggested that intestinal dysbacteriosis-propelled T helper 17 cells activation and IL17 secretion might play an important role in the pathogenesis of PND induced by anesthesia/surgery in aged rats.

Keywords: IL17; Intestinal flora; Microglia; PND; Th17.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anesthesia*
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Dysbiosis / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / metabolism
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Th17 Cells* / metabolism

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S