Acute Hydronephrosis Secondary to Methadone-Induced Constipation

Cureus. 2022 May 17;14(5):e25090. doi: 10.7759/cureus.25090. eCollection 2022 May.


Opioid-induced constipation is a significant medical problem accounting for over 40% to 60% of patients without cancer receiving opioids. We report a unique case of a 71-year-old male with a history of opioid use disorder now on methadone maintenance presenting with severe opioid-induced constipation and fecal impaction causing extrinsic compression on the right-sided ureter resulting in right hydronephrosis and hydroureter that improved with aggressive bowel regime with the stool softener, laxatives and enemas. Methadone alone can predispose to hydroureter with hydronephrosis due to external compression from the severe intestinal dilation secondary to opioid-induced constipation.

Keywords: hydronephrosis; laxatives; methadone; opioid induced constipation; opioid use disorders.

Publication types

  • Case Reports