Research on the visual image-based complexity perception method of autonomous navigation scenes for unmanned surface vehicles

Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10370. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-14355-y.

Abstract

To solve the long-tail problem and improve the testing efficiency for autonomous navigation systems of unmanned surface vehicles (USVs), a visual image-based navigation scene complexity perception method is proposed. In this paper, we intend to accurately construct a mathematical model between navigation scene complexity and visual features from the analysis and processing of image textures. First, the typical complex elements are summarized, and the navigation scenes are divided into four levels according to whether they contain these typical elements. Second, the textural features are extracted using the gray level cogeneration matrix (GLCM) and Tamura coarseness, which are applied to construct the feature vectors of the navigation scenes. Furthermore, a novel paired bare bone particle swarm clustering (PBBPSC) method is proposed to classify the levels of complexity, and the exact value of the navigation scene complexity is calculated using the clustering result and an interval mapping method. By comparing different methods on the classical and self-collected datasets, the experimental results show that our proposed complexity perception method can not only better describe the level of complexity of navigation scenes but also obtain more accurate complexity values.

MeSH terms

  • Cluster Analysis
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Visual Perception*