Periventricular intraparenchymal cerebral haemorrhage in preterm infants: the role of venous infarction

J Pathol. 1987 Mar;151(3):197-202. doi: 10.1002/path.1711510307.


Haemorrhage into cerebral parenchymal tissue supero-lateral to the angles of the lateral ventricles is a major cause of death and disability in preterm infants. It is frequently associated with germinal layer and intraventricular haemorrhage but the mechanism by which parenchymal haemorrhage occurs is uncertain. Recent studies have suggested that it is due to bleeding into tissue previously damaged by ischaemia following cerebral hypoperfusion. We have studied 68 preterm infant brains, of which four contained early intraparenchymal haemorrhage supero-lateral to the angles of the lateral ventricles which were associated with large germinal layer and intraventricular haemorrhages. The anatomical distribution and histological features of these haemorrhages suggested that they resulted from venous infarction and that the venous drainage of the periventricular tissues had been obstructed by the germinal layer haemorrhages. In these four infants, bleeding into parenchymal tissues could be regarded as a complication of germinal layer and intraventricular haemorrhage rather than of cerebral hypoperfusion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia / complications
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Cerebral Infarction / complications*
  • Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / etiology*
  • Macrophages