Local Pterional Advancement Flap: A Minimally Invasive Option to Reconstruct Spheno-Temporal Extracranial Soft Tissues Dehiscences in Fragile Patients

J Craniofac Surg. 2022 May 1;33(3):910-912. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000008051. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Abstract

Background: Late-onset, extracranial soft tissues dehiscence in the spheno-temporal region after major neurosurgical procedures might represent a potentially life-threatening complication.Due to surgery-related galeal/pericranial and myofascial temporal atrophy, classical regional flaps are often unavailable, enforcing potential indication for free vascularized flaps.Nevertheless, in elderly multioperated patients, who are not eligible for major surgery, it becomes mandatory to consider less invasive options for reconstruction.Authors describe the application of a reconstructive option for late-onset, pterional soft tissues dehiscence in fragile patients, using a local pterional advancement flap.

Methods: Technique is stepwise described and illustrated in its clinical application.

Results: Local pterional advancement flap provides an excellent coverage, being extremely pliable, and flexible in contents and design. Vascular pedicle is independent from distal branches of the superficial temporal artery and provides adequate blood flow. Pedicle length enables a good arc of rotation, which facilitates its transposition. Flap preparation is very easy and minimally time consuming, due to its immediate regional availability and the easy harvesting technique.

Conclusions: Local pterional advancement flap represents an effective option as regional flap for the reconstruction of late-onset, pterional soft tissues dehiscence in fragile patients.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cadaver
  • Free Tissue Flaps*
  • Humans
  • Neurosurgical Procedures
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures* / methods
  • Skin Transplantation