Background: Dostarlimab is an anti-programmed cell death protein-1 antibody being evaluated in recurrent/advanced solid tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in the ongoing Phase I, multi-center, open-label, 2-part (dose escalation and cohort expansion) GARNET study (NCT02715284).
Materials and methods: Here, we report an interim analysis of patients with recurrent/advanced NSCLC who progressed following platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients received dostarlimab (500 mg IV every 3 weeks [Q3W] for Cycles 1-4, then 1000 mg Q6W) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity for > 2 years. The primary endpoints were immune-related objective response rate (irORR) per investigator-assessed irRECIST and safety.
Results: As of 8, July 2019, 67 patients with recurrent/advanced NSCLC were enrolled and treated with dostarlimab; the majority had programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) tumor proportion score (TPS) < 1% (35.8% of patients) or PD-L1 TPS 1%-49% (29.9% of patients); 7.5% had PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50%, and 26.9% had unknown PD-L1 TPS status. Median follow-up was 13.8 months (range: 0.0-22.6). irORR was 26.9%, including 2 complete and 16 partial responses. The median duration of response of 11.6 months (range: 2.8-19.4). Responses were observed in 2 of 24 (16.7%) patients with PD-L1 TPS < 1%, 4 of 20 (20.0%) patients with PD-L1 TPS 1%-49% and 2 of 5 (40.0%) patients with PD-L1 TPS ≥ 50%. Fatigue (4.5%) was the most common Grade ≥ 3 treatment-related treatment-emergent adverse event (TRAE). Immune-related TRAEs (any grade) were observed in 28.4% of patients.
Conclusion: Dostarlimab demonstrated promising antitumor activity in advanced/recurrent NSCLC that progressed following platinum-based chemotherapy, including across all PD-L1 subgroups, and has an acceptable safety profile.
Keywords: Cancer immunity; Immune checkpoint inhibitors; Lung neoplasms; PD-1; Treatment outcome.
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