Vitamin D and calcium, together and separately, play roles in female reproductive performance

Sci Rep. 2022 Jun 21;12(1):10470. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-14708-7.

Abstract

Vitamin D (VD) deficiency reduces the chances of successful fertilization; however, it remains to be validated whether this effect is dependent or not on calcium. To address this question, we generated several situation using a mouse model in which VD content was either increased or decreased in a normo or hypocalcemia context. After the measurement of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D2, calcium and phosphorus levels, an analysis was carried out in terms of oocytes maturation as well as reproductive performance. VD overdose, despite the fact that it resulted in an increased number of mature oocytes, reduced developmental competence and offspring survival. VD deficiency (VDD), on the contrary, reduced the number and percentage of mature oocytes, blastocyst rate, as well as fertility rate and offspring survival. Hypo-calcemia when VD levels were normal, had a similar effect than VDD. The effects of VDD were reversed by a diet that corrected calcium level. Therefore, both VD overdose (in a context of normal calcium level) VD deficiency as well as hypo-calcemia have an effect on female reproductive function. In conclusion, although closely related, VD and calcium act in part independently of each other in defining the "optimum" for female reproductive performance.

MeSH terms

  • Calcium*
  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D Deficiency* / complications
  • Vitamins

Substances

  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Vitamins
  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium