Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Fracture Diagnosis: An Overview of Current Products and Considerations for Clinical Adoption, From the AJR Special Series on AI Applications

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2022 Dec;219(6):869-878. doi: 10.2214/AJR.22.27873. Epub 2022 Jun 22.


Fractures are common injuries that can be difficult to diagnose, with missed fractures accounting for most misdiagnoses in the emergency department. Artificial intelligence (AI) and, specifically, deep learning have shown a strong ability to accurately detect fractures and augment the performance of radiologists in proof-of-concept research settings. Although the number of real-world AI products available for clinical use continues to increase, guidance for practicing radiologists in the adoption of this new technology is limited. This review describes how AI and deep learning algorithms can help radiologists to better diagnose fractures. The article also provides an overview of commercially available U.S. FDA-cleared AI tools for fracture detection as well as considerations for the clinical adoption of these tools by radiology practices.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; deep learning; fractures; musculoskeletal.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Fractures, Bone* / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Radiography
  • Radiologists
  • Radiology*