Gallbladder polyps and adenomyomatosis

Br J Radiol. 2023 Feb;96(1142):20220115. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20220115. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Abstract

Incidental findings are commonly detected during examination of the gallbladder. Differentiating benign from malignant lesions is critical because of the poor prognosis associated with gallbladder malignancy. Therefore, it is important that radiologists and sonographers are aware of common incidental gallbladder findings, which undoubtedly will continue to increase with growing medical imaging use. Ultrasound is the primary imaging modality used to examine the gallbladder and biliary tree, but contrast-enhanced ultrasound and MRI are increasingly used. This review article focuses on two common incidental findings in the gallbladder; adenomyomatosis and gallbladder polyps. The imaging features of these conditions will be reviewed and compared between radiological modalities, and the pathology, epidemiology, natural history, and management will be discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gallbladder / diagnostic imaging
  • Gallbladder Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Gallbladder Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Gallbladder Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Polyps* / diagnostic imaging
  • Polyps* / pathology
  • Ultrasonography / methods