Locus of control and health: a review of the literature

Health Educ Monogr. 1978 Spring;6(2):107-17. doi: 10.1177/109019817800600102.


Locus of control, an individual difference construct from social learning theory, has shown some promise in predicting and explaining specific health-related behaviors. Research is reviewed on the utility of the locus of control construct in understanding smoking reduction, birth control utilization, weight loss, information-seeking, adherence to medication regimens, and other health or sick-role behaviors. Implications for health educators are presented.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health*
  • Body Weight
  • Family Planning Services
  • Health Education
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control*
  • Patient Compliance
  • Sick Role*
  • Smoking / psychology