[6]-Shogaol Attenuates Oxaliplatin-Induced Allodynia through Serotonergic Receptors and GABA in the Spinal Cord in Mice

Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2022 Jun 8;15(6):726. doi: 10.3390/ph15060726.


Although oxaliplatin is a well-known anti-cancer agent used for the treatment of colorectal cancer, treated patients often experience acute cold and mechanical allodynia as side effects. Unfortunately, no optimal treatment has been developed yet. In this study, [6]-shogaol (10 mg/kg, i.p.), which is one of the major bioactive components of Zingiber officinale roscoe (Z. officinale), significantly alleviated allodynia induced by oxaliplatin (6 mg/kg, i.p.) injection. Cold and mechanical allodynia were assessed by acetone drop and von Frey filament tests, respectively. The analgesic effect of [6]-shogaol was blocked by the intrathecal injection of 5-HT1A, 5-HT3, and GABAB receptor antagonists, NAN-190 (1 μg), MDL-72222 (15 μg), and CGP 55845 (10 μg), respectively. Furthermore, oxaliplatin injection lowered the GABA concentration in the superficial laminae of the spinal dorsal horn, whereas [6]-shogaol injection significantly elevated it. The GAD (glutamic acid decarboxylase) 65 concentration also increased after [6]-shogaol administration. However, pre-treatment of NAN-190 completely inhibited the increased GABA induced by [6]-shogaol in the spinal dorsal horn, whereas MDL-72222 partially blocked the effect. Altogether, these results suggest that [6]-shogaol could attenuate oxaliplatin-induced cold and mechanical allodynia through 5-HT1A and 5-HT3 receptor antagonists located in the GABAergic neurons in the spinal dorsal horn in mice.

Keywords: GABA; Zingiber officinale roscoe; [6]-shogaol; neuropathic pain; oxaliplatin; serotonin.