Public Perception towards the COVID-19 Vaccine in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Vaccines (Basel). 2022 May 28;10(6):867. doi: 10.3390/vaccines10060867.


The vaccination campaign against COVID-19 is an essential public health strategy to reach herd immunity, eradicate diseases, and prevent a pandemic. This study aimed to investigate the acceptance rate of the COVID-19 vaccine among people in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Out of the 922 participants involved, 294 (31.9%) were male and 628 (68.1%) were female, with a mean age of 30-49 years. A bilingual, self-administered, computer-based questionnaire was designed and distributed through social media platforms. In total, 900 participants (97.6%) showed a high acceptance rate of the vaccine. The vaccine acceptance rate was higher among people aged 60 years and above than in other age groups (p = 0.008) and single individuals compared to other groups (p = 0.003). The results reveal a relatively high acceptance level of the COVID-19 vaccine among study participants. Importantly, regression analysis results show that female gender and elderly participants are more likely to accept the COVID-19 vaccine than their counterparts. Moreover, the main factor that influenced the participants' perception of the COVID-19 vaccine was the proper timely scientific recommendations.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; Saudi Arabia; acceptance rate; public perception; vaccine.