Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace metal element that is associated with diabetes; however, the results of previous studies are inconsistent. Furthermore, few studies have been conducted in a hypertensive population. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between manganese and diabetes in a population with hypertension. A cross-sectional study was conducted, including 2575 hypertensive individuals from 14 provinces in China. Serum manganese concentrations were measured by the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method. And logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between serum manganese and the risk of diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes was 27.0% in this hypertensive population. In logistic regression models, the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for diabetes in tertile subgroups were 1.40 (1.12, 1.76) and 1.32 (1.05, 1.65) for tertiles 1 and tertiles 3, respectively, compared to tertile 2 (reference). Additionally, an interaction between sex and manganese was observed. The odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for diabetes were 1.29 (0.95, 1.75) and 0.96 (0.70, 1.31) for tertiles 1 and tertiles 3 among males, and 1.44 (1.01, 2.04) and 1.81 (1.29, 2.55) for tertiles 1 and tertiles 3 among females, respectively, compared to tertile 2. In conclusion, a U-shaped association between serum manganese and diabetes was observed in a Chinese population with hypertension, and the association was modified by sex.
Keywords: Chinese; diabetes; hypertensive population; serum manganese.
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