An understanding of acid-base physiology is necessary for clinicians to recognize and correct problems that may negatively affect provision of nutrition support and drug therapy. An overview of acid-base physiology, the different acid-base disorders encountered in practice, a stepwise approach to evaluate arterial blood gases, and other key diagnostic tools helpful in formulating a safe and effective medical and nutrition plan are covered in this acid-base primer. Case scenarios are also provided for the application of principles and the development of clinical skills.
Keywords: acid-base disorder; acidosis; alkalosis; blood gas analysis; nutrition support; pH.
© 2022 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.