Expanding the MYOD1 Phenotype: A Case Report of a Patient Diagnosed Whilst Pregnant

J Neuromuscul Dis. 2022;9(5):615-618. doi: 10.3233/JND-210782.


A 38-year-old pregnant woman presented at 30 weeks gestation in respiratory distress with pre-eclampsia. This was on the background of slowly progressive dyspnoea over six years, with generalised weakness and previous surgery for ptosis and prognathia. After successful caesarean delivery at 31 weeks, the patient was found to have a homozygous likely pathogenic variant in the MYOD1 gene. This case presents a milder phenotype for MYOD1 congenital myopathy, usually associated with diaphragmatic defects, respiratory insufficiency and dysmorphic facies. It also highlights the difficulties of managing an undiagnosed patient through pregnancy.

Keywords: Myopathy; congenital myopathy; muscular disease; respiratory insufficiency.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Muscle Weakness / complications
  • Muscular Diseases* / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • Respiratory Insufficiency* / diagnosis
  • Respiratory Insufficiency* / etiology