Length of Stay and 30-Day Postoperative Complications Following Minimally Invasive Apical Prolapse Repair

Urogynecology (Phila). 2022 Aug 1;28(8):539-546. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000001205. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Abstract

Importance: Data on the correlation between length of stay and postoperative complications following urogynecologic surgery are limited.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to use a nationwide database to examine the correlation between length of stay and 30-day postoperative complications following minimally invasive apical prolapse repair.

Study design: This retrospective cohort study included women in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2008 to 2018 who underwent laparoscopic/robotic sacrocolpopexy or uterosacral/sacrospinous repair and were discharged on postoperative day 0 (POD0) or 1 (POD1). The primary outcome was 30-day postoperative complication rate.

Results: Of the 28,269 women discharged home on POD0/1, 12,663 (45%) underwent laparoscopic/robotic sacrocolpopexy, and 15,606 (55%) underwent uterosacral/sacrospinous repair. Women discharged on POD0 were less likely to be White, less likely to have diabetes or hypertension, had lower mean body mass index, and were less likely to have undergone a hysterectomy ( P < 0.05 for all). Within 30 days of surgery, 7% had a postoperative complication, and 3% had a major complication. Women discharged on POD0 had a lower risk of any complication or any major complication. The most common complication, urinary tract infection, was lower in women discharged on POD0 (3% vs 4%, P < 0.01). Women discharged home on the same day had a higher risk of superficial surgical site infection after undergoing laparoscopic/robotic sacrocolpopexy (1.3% vs 0.5%, P < 0.01) and a higher risk of myocardial infarction/cardiac arrest after uterosacral/sacrospinous repair (0.2% vs 0%, P < 0.04).

Conclusions: In women undergoing minimally invasive reconstructive apical repair, discharge on POD0 is correlated with similar or better (lower) 30-day postoperative complication rates compared with women discharged on POD1.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Pelvic Organ Prolapse* / surgery
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies