Peptides bearing C-terminal thioester and selenoester functionalities are essential precursors for the chemical synthesis of larger proteins using ligation chemistry, including native chemical ligation (NCL) and diselenide-selenoester ligation (DSL). The use of a side-chain anchoring thioesterification or selenoesterification approach offers a robust method to access peptide thioesters or peptide selenoesters in excellent yields and in high purity. Importantly, this methodology overcomes solubility issues and epimerization of the C-terminal amino acid residue that can occur using solution-phase approaches. Detailed methods for the solid-phase synthesis of peptide thioesters and selenoesters using a side-chain anchoring approach are outlined in this article.
Keywords: Chemical protein synthesis; Ligation; Selenoester; Selenoesterification; Side-chain; Side-chain anchored; Synthetic proteins; Thioester; Thioesterification.
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