Association between Dietary Inflammatory Index and serum Klotho concentration among adults in the United States

BMC Geriatr. 2022 Jun 27;22(1):528. doi: 10.1186/s12877-022-03228-8.


Background: Klotho is a hormone that emerges as an antiaging biomarker. However, the influence of the dietary pattern's inflammatory potential on serum Klotho levels in human populations, especially in a general adult population, remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and serum Klotho concentrations in individuals living in the United States. METHODS : From the 2007-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database, data of participants who completed the full 24-h dietary history and underwent serum Klotho testing were analyzed. The association between DII and serum Klotho concentrations was estimated using multivariable linear regression models. We also conducted segmented regression model to examine the threshold effect of DII on serum Klotho concentrations.

Results: A total of 10,928 participants were included, with a median serum Klotho concentration of 805.20 pg/mL (IQR: 657.58 - 1001.12) and a median DII of 1.43 (IQR: - 0.16 - 2.82). Multivariable regression showed that participants with high DII scores were associated with low serum Klotho concentrations; when classifying DII into quartiles, after full adjustment, participants in DII quartiles 3 and 4 showed a decrease in Klotho levels (25.27 and 12.44 pg/ml, respectively) compared with those in the lowest quartile (quartile 1) (95% CI: - 41.80, - 8.73 and - 29.83, 4.95, respectively; P for trend = 0.036). The segmented regression showed that the turning point value of DII was - 1.82 (95% CI: - 2.32, - 0.80). A 1-unit increase in DII was significantly associated with lower Klotho levels by - 33.05 (95% CI: - 52.84, - 13.27; P = 0.001) when DII ranges from - 5.18 to - 1.82; however, the relationship was not significant when DII ranges from - 1.82 to 5.42 (P > 0.05). Furthermore, stratified analyses indicated that the observed associations between DII and serum Klotho concentration were stronger among those aged ≥ 56 years, those with normal weight, and those without chronic kidney disease (P for interaction = 0.003, 0.015, and 0.041, respectively).

Conclusions: In summary, we indicated that there was a dose-response relationship between DII and serum Klotho concentrations, suggesting that adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet has beneficial effects on aging and health by increasing the serum Klotho concentration.

Keywords: Biomarker of aging; Dietary intake; Inflammation; Klotho; NHANES.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation* / diagnosis
  • Inflammation* / epidemiology
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Biomarkers