Screening and Identification of a Novel Anti-Siglec-15 Human Antibody 3F1 and Relevant Antitumor Activity

Mol Pharmacol. 2022 Sep;102(3):161-171. doi: 10.1124/molpharm.121.000470. Epub 2022 Jun 28.


Sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectin-15 is an important immunosuppressive molecule considered to be a key target in next-generation tumor immunotherapy. In this study, we screened 22 high-affinity antibodies that specifically recognize human Siglec-15 by using a large human phage antibody library, and five representative sequences were selected for further study. The results showed the binding activity of five antibodies to Siglec-15 (EC50 ranged from 0.02368 μg/mL to 0.07949 μg/mL), and in two Siglec-15-overexpressed cell lines, three antibodies had the strongest binding activity, so the two clones were discarded for further study. Subsequently, the affinity of three antibodies were measured by bio-layer interferometry technology (5-9 × 10E-09M). As the reported ligands of Siglec-15, the binding activity of Siglec-15 and sialyl-Tn, cluster of differentiation 44, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 4C can be blocked by three of the antibodies. Among these, 3F1 had a competitive advantage. Then, the antibody 3F1 showed an obvious antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity effect (EC50 was 0.85 μg/mL). Further, antibody 3F1 can reverse the inhibitory effect of Siglec-15 on lymphocyte proliferation (especially CD4+T and CD8+T) and cytokine release Interferon-γ. Given the above results, 3F1 was selected as a candidate for the in vivo pharmacodynamics study. In the tumor model of Balb/c Nude mice, 3F1 (10 mg/kg) showed certain antitumor effects [tumor growth inhibition (TGI) was 31.5%], while the combination of 3F1 (5 mg/kg) and Erbitux (5 mg/kg) showed significant antitumor effects (TGI was 48.7%) compared with the PBS group. In conclusion, novel human antibody 3F1 has antitumor activity and is expected to be an innovative candidate drug targeting Siglec-15 for tumor immunotherapy. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Siglec-15 is considered as an important target in the next generation of tumor immunotherapy. 3F1 is expected to be the most promising potential candidate for targeting Siglec-15 for cancer treatment and could provide a reference for the development of antitumor drugs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Lectins / chemistry
  • Lectins / metabolism
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Neoplasms* / drug therapy


  • Antigens, CD
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Lectins
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Proteins
  • SIGLEC15 protein, human