The otologic approach in the management of posterior petrous surface meningiomas

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2022 Dec;279(12):5655-5665. doi: 10.1007/s00405-022-07442-3. Epub 2022 Jun 29.


Purpose: Report our experience in the management of posterior petrous surface meningiomas (PPSMs), and identify features that affect hearing, facial nerve (FN) function, and control of the disease.

Methods: Retrospective case series of 131 patients surgically managed for PPSMs. FN status, hearing and tumour radicality were assessed and compared between patients with tumours of different locations (Desgeorges classification) and internal auditory canal involvement (IAC).

Results: At the time of surgery 74.8% of patients had a hearing loss. Hearing was mostly unserviceable in tumors attached to the meatus. Pure tone audiometry did not correlate to IAC extension, while speech discrimination scores were statistically worse when the tumor occupied the IAC (unpaired t test, p = 0.0152). Similarly, extrameatal tumors undergoing removal by otic preserving techniques maintained postoperative hearing, whereas hearing worsened significantly in tumors involving the IAC (paired t test, p = 0.048). The FN was affected preoperatively in 11.4% of cases. Postoperative FN palsy was significantly correlated to the IAC involvement (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.0013), while it was not correlated to tumor size. According to the Desgeorges classification, a postoperative FN palsy complicated the majority of anteriorly extending tumors and, two-fifths of meatus centred tumors. 75% of posterior located tumors had a postoperative FN grade I HB.

Conclusions: Since the involvement of the IAC by the tumor affects both hearing and FN function, the IAC is of primary importance in PPSMs and should be studied and addressed as much as the tumor location in the CPA.

Keywords: Cerebellopontine angle; Facial nerve; Internal auditory canal; Meningioma; Petrous bone; Transapical; Translabyrinthine.

MeSH terms

  • Facial Paralysis* / pathology
  • Humans
  • Meningeal Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Meningeal Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Meningioma* / pathology
  • Meningioma* / surgery
  • Petrous Bone / pathology
  • Petrous Bone / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies