Functional Micropeptides Encoded by Long Non-Coding RNAs: A Comprehensive Review

Front Mol Biosci. 2022 Jun 13;9:817517. doi: 10.3389/fmolb.2022.817517. eCollection 2022.


Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) were originally defined as non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) which lack protein-coding ability. However, with the emergence of technologies such as ribosome profiling sequencing and ribosome-nascent chain complex sequencing, it has been demonstrated that most lncRNAs have short open reading frames hence the potential to encode functional micropeptides. Such micropeptides have been described to be widely involved in life-sustaining activities in several organisms, such as homeostasis regulation, disease, and tumor occurrence, and development, and morphological development of animals, and plants. In this review, we focus on the latest developments in the field of lncRNA-encoded micropeptides, and describe the relevant computational tools and techniques for micropeptide prediction and identification. This review aims to serve as a reference for future research studies on lncRNA-encoded micropeptides.

Keywords: Ribo-seq; coding potential prediction; lncRNA; micropeptide; sORF.

Publication types

  • Review