Long non-coding RNAs are involved in immune resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)

Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2022 Aug;127:366-374. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2022.06.031. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Abstract

A growing number of studies identified long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) to be closely associated with immune function through the regulation of immune cell differentiation and immune cell effector function. Here we tested whether lncRNAs are involved in immune function in black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) through the exposure to Aeromonas hydrophila and analysis of the spleen gene expression response using RNA-seq. A total of 9036 lncRNAs were identified with high confidence. Differential expression analysis identified a total of 3558 DElncRNAs (Differential expression lncRNA) involved in A. hydrophila infection and 4526 target genes corresponding to DElncRNAs. After screening 4526 target genes in the InnateDB database, a total of 150 immunity genes were identified. After GO (Gene Ontology) and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) enrichment analysis of the obtained immunity genes, the Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway, TLR2, TLR3, TLR5, and TLR8 were identified as particularly significant in A. hydrophyla-resistant black carp. At the same time, the Ras signaling pathway was particularly enriched in the spleen of susceptible black carp. Analysis of PPI (protein-protein interaction) networks of the obtained immune genes identified SRC (SRC Proto-Oncogene), MYD88 (Myeloid differentiation primary response 88), MAPK3 (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3), MYC (MYC Proto-Oncogene) as main hub genes regulated by lncRNA and possibly mediating a mechanism of susceptibility to bacteria. These results establish a functional role of lncRNAs and a mechanistic base for the immune response in black carp resistant to A. hydrophila.

Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila; Immune response; Long non-coding RNA; Mylopharyngodon piceus.