The genes associated with fruiting body formation of Sparasis latifolia are valuable for improving mushroom breeding. To investigate this process, 4.8 × 108 RNA-Seq reads were acquired from three stages: hyphal knot (SM), primordium (SP), and primordium differentiation (SPD). The de novo assembly generated a total of 48,549 unigenes, of which 71.53% (34,728) unigenes could be annotated by at least one of the KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes), GO (Gene Ontology), and KOG (Eukaryotic Orthologous Group) databases. KEGG and KOG analyses respectively mapped 32,765 unigenes to 202 pathways and 19,408 unigenes to 25 categories. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of DEGs (differentially expressed genes) indicated primordium initiation was significantly related to 66 pathways, such as "Ribosome", "metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450", and "glutathione metabolism" (among others). The MAPK and mTOR signal transduction pathways underwent significant adjustments during the SM to SP transition. Further, our research revealed the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway related to cell proliferation could play crucial functions during the development of SP and SPD. These findings provide crucial candidate genes and pathways related to primordium differentiation and development in S. latifolia, and advances our knowledge about mushroom morphogenesis.
© 2022. The Author(s).