Treatment of Hyperhidrosis: An Update

Am J Clin Dermatol. 2022 Sep;23(5):635-646. doi: 10.1007/s40257-022-00707-x. Epub 2022 Jul 1.


Hyperhidrosis is a dermatosis presenting as pathologically excessive focal or generalized sweating. The stigmatizing nature of hyperhidrosis may cause patients to feel embarrassment and apprehension about their symptoms and experience a significant decrease in well-being. Severe cases of hyperhidrosis can also increase the risk of developing psychiatric and somatic comorbidities. Conventional non-surgical treatments of hyperhidrosis include aluminum salts, iontophoresis, botulinum toxin injections, and oral glycopyrronium. In recent years, new topical anticholinergic medications and devices have emerged that may improve the patients' symptoms and even prevent the development of comorbidities. The treatment of hyperhidrosis can be a complex matter and may require the combination of several therapies. The purpose of this paper was to firstly review the literature on existing non-surgical treatment options for hyperhidrosis, and secondly provide a stepwise approach to investigating and treating patients with hyperhidrosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Botulinum Toxins, Type A* / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Hyperhidrosis* / diagnosis
  • Hyperhidrosis* / etiology
  • Hyperhidrosis* / therapy
  • Iontophoresis
  • Sweating
  • Sympathectomy


  • Botulinum Toxins, Type A

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