Temporal lobe epilepsy surgery: Piriform cortex resection impacts seizure control in the long-term

Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2022 Aug;9(8):1206-1211. doi: 10.1002/acn3.51620. Epub 2022 Jul 1.


Objective: Recently, we showed that resection of at least 27% of the temporal part of piriform cortex (PiC) strongly correlated with seizure freedom 1 year following selective amygdalo-hippocampectomy (tsSAHE) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). However, the impact of PiC resection on long-term seizure outcome following tsSAHE is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of PiC resection on long-term seizure outcome in patients with mTLE treated with tsSAHE.

Methods: Between 2012 and 2017, 64 patients were included in the retrospective analysis. Long-term follow-up (FU) was defined as at least 2 years postoperatively. Seizure outcome was assessed according to the International League against Epilepsy (ILAE). The resected proportions of hippocampus, amygdala, and PiC were volumetrically assessed.

Results: The mean FU duration was 3.75 ± 1.61 years. Patients with ILAE class 1 revealed a significantly larger median proportion of resected PiC compared to patients with ILAE class 2-6 [46% (IQR 31-57) vs. 16% (IQR 6-38), p = 0.001]. Resected proportions of hippocampus and amygdala did not significantly differ for these groups. Among those patients with at least 27% resected proportion of PiC, there were significantly more patients with seizure freedom compared to the patients with <27% resected proportion of PiC (83% vs. 39%, p = 0.0007).

Conclusions: Our results show a strong impact of the extent of PiC resection on long-term seizure outcome following tsSAHE in mTLE. The authors suggest the PiC to constitute a key target volume in tsSAHE to achieve seizure freedom in the long term.

MeSH terms

  • Epilepsy*
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / methods
  • Piriform Cortex*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Seizures / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome