Cellulomonas triticagri sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere soil of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Arch Microbiol. 2022 Jul 2;204(7):449. doi: 10.1007/s00203-022-03036-z.


A Gram-positive, motile, rod-shaped and lignin-degrading novel actinomycete, designated strain NEAU-YY56T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) collected from Zhumadian, Henan Province, Central China and characterized using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain NEAU-YY56T belonged to the genus Cellulomonas and exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 98.7, 98.2 and 98.1% to Cellulomonas pakistanensis JCM 18755T, Cellulomonas denverensis JCM 14733T and Cellulomonas hominis JCM 12133T, respectively. The whole-cell sugars were glucose, rhamnose and ribose. The peptidoglycan of strain NEAU-YY56T contained ornithine and glutamic acid. The phospholipid profile was found to contain diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and two unknown glycolipids. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids (> 5.0%) were identified as anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, C14:0 and anteiso-C17:0. Meanwhile, DNA G+C content was 74.7%. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of strain NEAU-YY56T were also confirmed the affiliation of the isolate to the genus Cellulomonas. However, physiological and biochemical characteristics indicated that strain NEAU-YY56T can be clearly differentiated from its closest relatives. In addition, the ANI values and dDDH levels between strain NEAU-YY56T and related Cellulomonas species were lower than the accepted threshold value. Therefore, it is concluded that strain NEAU-YY56T represents a novel species of the genus Cellulomonas, for which the name Cellulomonas triticagri sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is NEAU-YY56T (= DSM 106717T = JCM 32550T).

Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; Cellulomonas triticagri sp. nov.; Genome; Polyphasic taxonomy.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Cellulomonas* / genetics
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Diaminopimelic Acid / chemistry
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Rhizosphere*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Soil / chemistry
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Triticum


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Soil
  • Diaminopimelic Acid